Guides

Basic Hedgehog Facts

Before you buy hedgehogs as pets, you should understand some basic hedgehog facts.

The hedgehog is a mammal that is indigenous to Africa, Asia, and Europe. They can also be found in the wild in certain places in New Zealand due to the non-traditional introduction. The hedgehog got its name because it roots under hedges and snorts in a pig-like manner when searching for food. Hedgehogs are still found in the wild, but they have also been domesticated, and you can now find hedgehog pets.

Hedgehog Facts About Physical Appearance

One of the most important hedgehog facts you need to know is what a hedgehog looks like. With the exception of the legs, face, and belly, hedgehogs are covered in a coat of prickly spines. These spines don’t hurt if you rub with the grain of the coat, but if you press right onto the tip of one or if you rub against the grain, you will get poked with a spine, which feels like getting pricked by a pin. One of the most interesting hedgehog facts is that the spiny coat serves as a protective measure for the tiny hedgehog. When a predator comes near, the hedgehog curls up into a ball, which leaves only the spines showing. This helps to protect the soft underbelly, the venerable head, and the delicate legs.

Hedgehog Facts About Food

Because you will have to feed your hedgehog, another one of the important hedgehog facts you must know is that hedgehogs are carnivores. They consume many common garden pests, such as snakes, snails, frogs, mice, worms, insects, lizards, and centipedes. It finds the foods while it roots around under hedges and vegetation. Another one of the most interesting hedgehog facts is that while the hedgehog searches for food, it relies primarily on its sense of hearing and its sense of smell because hedgehogs have very poor eyesight.

Hedgehog Facts About Living Conditions

Since you are interested in bringing hedgehogs as pets home, you should understand some common hedgehog facts about the way they live. Unless they are mating, hedgehogs are solitary creatures. With each litter, the female hedgehog will give birth to up to 11 babies. The babies remain with the mother for only a short period of time; usually no longer than seven weeks. During the time the babies are with their mother, she must protect them from predators, as well as male hedgehogs that may eat the babies. One of the interesting hedgehog facts to keep in mind when you are planning for your hedgehogs as pets is that an adult hedgehog can swim and climb trees if needed to find food and hide from predators.

Hedgehog Facts About Climate

Since you are in charge of your hedgehog’s climate, you should understand the basic hedgehog facts about the climate they thrive in. Hedgehogs like a temperate climate, and they are usually active in this type of environment. If it is too cold, hedgehogs will hibernate. If it is too hot, hedgehogs will aestivate, which is a hibernation-type sleep. Generally, hedgehogs will remain underground if it is raining. As you plan for your hedgehog’s cage placement remember one of the most important hedgehog facts: hedgehogs in the wild and hedgehogs as pets are nocturnal, but they may come above ground when it is cloudy. Additionally, they may come out in a shady spot on a sunny day.