There are at least 14 species of hedgehogs in the world. Of these 14, only two have been almost totally domesticated. While many species of pet hedgehog are fairly large, the two hedgehog pet species that are found the most often as pets are small. In fact, the average weight of a hedgehog pet is less than 19 ounces.
Hedgehog Pet Species Variations
Like any other animal, the hedgehog pet species are determined by a number of factors. One factor is the way the hedgehog looks. Two perfect examples of this are the four-toed hedgehog and the white-bellied hedgehog. Size is another common factor that differentiates the species of hedgehogs. For example, the European hedgehog is significantly larger than the North African hedgehog, which is also known as the African pygmy hedgehog, so choose a hedgehog pet based on how much room you have for it.
Smaller Hedgehog Pet Species
If you are trying to find a really cute hedgehog pet that will stay small, the African pygmy hedgehog is an ideal option. This species of pet hedgehog stays incredibly small. They don’t take up too much space, and they don’t eat as much as some of the larger species.
Another species of hedgehog pet that is usually found easily is the long-eared hedgehog. These hedgehogs as pets are just adorable due in part to the long ear. There is another species that is close to this species. It is the Indian long-eared hedgehog.
Considerations of a Wild Versus a Pet Hedgehog
The domesticated hedgehog pet is a lot tamer than the wild hedgehog; however, they are also more likely to fall ill or to need medical care. If you are looking for a pet you can cuddle up with; you definitely want to choose a domesticated hedgehog pet instead of trying to tame a wild hedgehog.
Wild species of hedgehogs are very destructive and very invasive. These creatures can easily destroy a garden. On the upside, a wild hedgehog is more likely to help keep garden pests out of your way. It isn’t recommended for anyone, save experts, to try to keep a wild hedgehog pet.
Species Best Left in the Wild
One wild species of the hedgehog that is hardly ever marketed as a pet is the Afghan hedgehog. These survive primarily on berries, but they don’t cope well with being placed in captivity, so they aren’t a good option for a hedgehog pet. The forest hedgehog is primarily an insectivore, but like the Afghan hedgehog, the forest hedgehog doesn’t adjust well to life in captivity.
A Common Link
A common factor in both domesticated and wild hedgehogs is that they are peaceful animals. Sure, a hedgehog pet or a wild hedgehog can damage a garden quickly if it has a chance, but they aren’t at all aggressive to humans.